Brine is a byproduct of many industrial processes, such as desalination for human consumption and irrigation, power plant cooling towers, produced water from oil and natural gas extraction, acid mine or acid rock drainage, reverse osmosis reject, chlor-alkali wastewater treatment, pulp and paper mill effluent, and waste streams from food and beverage processing. Along with diluted salts, brine can contain residues of pretreatment and cleaning chemicals, their reaction byproducts, and heavy metals due to corrosion.
Wastewater that contains high levels of sodium chloride can be corrosive. Materials that come into contact with corrosive fluid must be protected to avoid damage or destruction. This is important as high chlorides must be taken into account when choosing the metallurgy for any of the Filter Vessels and Filter Medias that are used for this application.
Filter Vessels can be fabricated with carbon steel and coated with special epoxy coating to prevent excessive corrosion. There are also various stainless steel alloy options depending on the levels of chlorides present and the temperatures involved. After reviewing the stream, a filter will be selected to effectively remove the contaminants.
The filter chosen should be functional both from an operational and cost perspective (lowest cost per lb. of contaminant to be removed at a specific micron size and efficiency level). Finding an ethical filtration company who has experience in brine salt water filtration will be paramount for effective results and long term success.